Thursday, August 22, Comparison Of The Tainos And Mayans A Comparison of the Tainos and Mayans end-to-end Caribbean history, over a dart over of more than seven-spot thousand years, different groups of heap akin the Taino, Kalinago and Maya brought t heir kitchen-gardening- a range of beliefs, practices and traditions which structured to form the foundations of the rich Caribbean preoccupancy that still exists today, despite the concomitant that in that respect was muddle remainder and deterioration of the cultures upon European arrival in The Tainos and Mayans, two really distinct groups of bulk and culture, bed be objectively compared with their similarities and differences be highlighted in the aspects of politics, indian lodge and economy. The Tainos as well as the Mayans lived in theocratic societies; which mover their religious loss leading were also their political leaders. From this it can be understood that organized religion and politics went passel in hand.
Saturday, December 30, Taino and Maya: This was also linked to economic activity and rules and sanctions appointed and understood by their authority enforcers and general people respectfully. Economic activity involved the means by which the societies attained their specific and general needs whether it was by subsistence to surpluses farming, by a nomadic approach to hunting, forms of trade, utilization of natural resources e.
An analysis of economic activity will also extend to the roles and contributions of different gender and age defined individuals, and different racial, ethnic and social classes in the processes of meeting their needs. This study demonstrates substantial similarities but even more differences in the social lives of these people groups, prior to the intervention of the Europeans.
From this study I will attempt to prove that although some similarities did exist between the two societies, the vast number of differences far surpasses them. This paper will also seek to clear some of these misconceptions as it dives into the different aspects of indigenous life, firstly beginning with the Tainos.
The Neolithic Revolution was the term given to the first agricultural revolution that saw the transition of the provision of needs from hunting and gathering to agriculture.
This revolution resulted in various social changes in Neolithic human societies as they moved from a nomadic to a settlement lifestyle. These changes affected social as well as economic development directly of the prehistoric societies involved and in turn all other aspects of their existence.
Out of this revolution, the prehistoric tribe of the Taino descent gained its identity as Neo-Indians and was severely affected by the changes on this transition process.
Taino lifestyles were also affected by a great decrease in nomadic patterns and a greater emphasis on domestication of crops and animals, leading to the settlement of the people and the development from one prehistoric stage to the next, providing advancement.
These settlement patterns lead to new social, cultural, economic and political concepts in which the Tainos were able to progress. For example, the concept of land ownership led to modifications to the natural environment and the ability to sustain higher population densities.
This also led to a change of diet and directly to a prolonging of life.
The concept of land ownership brought along alterations to social hierarchies and surplus farming with the vision of personal wealth.
The Mayans were found in the Mesoamerican region and significantly assisted in the molding of the cultural representation that that region holds today. Historian Brinsley Samaroo argues that the Mayan civilization gained most of its advances from the study of the defeated Olmecs, as they had passed through their prime seasons of advancement c.
Samaroo It was during this decline that the Mayans invaded and eradicated the Olmecs a greatly advanced society and replaced them with their own more primitive societies, all the while learning quickly from the evidence of progress left behind.
It was through this motivation for advancement and the fact that the Mayans had been around hundreds of years before the Tainos that lead to the vast differences in development stages chiefdom — civilization c. Mayan development although seemingly advanced at the time this study is aimed at does not indicate a superior society.
In fact, historians have argued that had the Tainos and the Mayans began their process of development around the same period and in the same place and without the assistance of a fallen advanced society Olmecs that the Tainos would have surpassed the Mayans in their stages of advancement.
That conclusion was derived from an approximation of the amount of time it took the both societies to reach their chiefdom stage disregarding other enabling factors like the inheritance of an empire.
Mayan history was organized into two significant eras, the classic Maya period c. These two eras for the Mayans marked the most significant change in their history; the change of the impact of religion on their world view and perspectives and in turn how thy reacted to that change.
The political systems of the Mayan civilization placed great significance on religion as the basis of their ruling power and therefore were also greatly affected by the changes occurred during the change of eras. This political organization of their society consisted of a hierarchal ruling class with a systematic chain of command similar to the Tainos.
At this stage in Taino development, this tribe was emerging into chiefdom and social structure became more prominent in their society. Taino villages consisted of multiple houses encircling a central plaza, sometime allocated or partially allocated for crop cultivation.
They strategically established their villages deep inland near to rivers where they would be better protected from coastal attacks from unfriendly tribes, and near to rivers where they gained fertile soil, a fresh water source and means of fishing. This was not the case with the Maya as they were located on mainland territory and had a structured army for defense.
The Taino houses were made of mud with thatched roofs although wooden exceptions did exist. The wood of choice was mahogany and was found in most houses, if not forming the actual walls of a few, it was used as rafters to attach the roofs of many if not all. The mud of the common houses was used to absorb excess water whereas wood would rot over time in the testing climate.
Taino living arrangements consisted of extended families and sometimes multiple houses on one plot of land. There was no segregation of the sexes within the living quarters. Although houses may have been large enough to accommodate more activities, their purpose was strictly for sleep and rest; all other functions were allocated to outdoor areas.
The distribution of people although always increasing was estimated to be about — per village at this period of their development. The indigenous people also had a system of gender and age roles, according to which persons were expected to perform particular tasks.
This leads me to the point that in this matrilineal society, the structure was nevertheless decisively patriarchal and men ran the society as the heads.Alike the Tainos the Mayans had methods of specialization when it came to the division of labor to do their economic tranceformingnlp.com may be a Cacique even in a patriarchal society.
a different authority and emphasis is appointed to the women in the two societies. spontaneous warriors. The Tainos and Kalinagos were two different Amerindian groups which inhabited the islands of the Caribbean. The Tainos lived in the islands of the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and the Bahamas), while the Kalinagos lived in the Lesser Antilles (Grenada, St.
Vincent, St. Lucia etc.). Mayans also captures frogs and toads to use their chemical releases as a hallucination mediums in religious ceremonies. a different authority and emphasis is appointed to the women in the two societies. Island Caribs.
This article needs additional citations for the Kalinagos were one of the dominant groups in the Caribbean, the descendants of Caribs, Arawak and West African people, is quite different from the music in the rest of Central America.
The most famous form is punta. Its associated musical style, which has the dancers move. Education's Role in Trinidad and Tobago - Education and schooling has always played a pivotal role in the development of societies the world over and specifically in the context of Trinidad and Tobago.
Among these groups were the Mayans, Kalinagos (Caribs) and the Tainos (Arawaks).Each group of the indigenous people have their own culture, religion, means of agriculture, hunting methods etcetera, but there are some very similar and different things about each group/5(1).