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Related link pages The French revolution of At the close of the French revolutionary and Napoleonic wars the Bourbon dynasty was restored in France in the person of a brother of the King who had been sent to the guillotine during the revolution.
Notably disagreeable weather across much of Europe in affected agricultural production leading to rising food prices and to generally depressed economic conditions of widespread unemployment.
Such sufferings as this brought to those badly affected led, in turn, to a radicalisation of political attitudes. During these times France was yet a monarchy under Louis Philippe but with his "Liberal" monarchy having few real supporters.
Elections were held on the basis of quite limited suffrage, many felt excluded from any possibility of gaining wealth, and others felt that his "Bourgeois and Liberal" monarchy compared unfavourably with earlier, "Glorious", eras of French Monarchy or Empire.
Many persons in France were also alienated by a series of 'reactionary' foreign policy positions being adopted by Guizot as prime minister to Louis Philippe.
On 14th Ap euro french revolution essays the authorities banned a "banquet", one of a series that had intermittently been held by 'liberal' interests after July in Paris, and subsequently widely across France, in protest at such things as limitations on the right of assembly and the narrow scope of the political franchise, with the result that the it was postponed by its organisers.
There was actually a law in place requiring official permission for any meeting to be attended by more than six persons. I am told that there is no danger because there are no riots; I am told that, because there is no visible disorder on the surface of society, there is no revolution at hand This, gentlemen, is my profound conviction: I believe that we are at this moment sleeping on a volcano.
I am profoundly convinced of it Think, gentlemen, of the old i. Do you not feel -- what shall I say? Keep the laws as they are, if you wish. I think you would be very wrong to do so; but keep them. Keep the men, too, if it gives you any pleasure.
I raise no objection so far as I am concerned. But, in God's name, change the spirit of the government; for, I repeat, that spirit will lead you to the abyss. Speech of January 29,delivered in the French Chamber of Deputies The postponed banquet, now set for the 22nd February, was banned by the authorities at the last minute and there were some serious disturbances on the Paris streets on the 22nd and on 23rd February which featured the building of some formidable barricades by groups of protesting citizens.
The were instances of units of the civilian National Guard that had been deployed by the authorities refusing to act to contain the protest. More serious turnings of events followed however - there was a number of fatalities and serious injuries after a group of soldiers fired their weapons directly into a crowd, allegedly in a period of confusion after the accidental discharge of one of the soldiers' firearmson the morning of the 23rd of February.
Protestors subsequently threw up a large number of barricades in several areas of the city - chopping down thousands of trees and tearing up hundreds of thousands of paving stones in the process.
There further widespread instances of members of the citizen National Guard siding with the protesters against the government's authority. Although Louis Philippe had sought to abdicate in favour of his grandson this was not fully communicated to the Chamber of Deputies.
The mother of this young Comte brought her sons to the Chamber of Deputies seeking the acceptance of the Comte de Paris as the next King of France.
This seemed to be on the verge of unanimous acceptance but events took a different course after an armed and determined looking crowd composed of national guards, workers and students burst into the parliamentary chamber.
The Chamber subsequently accepted that the forces seeking change could not be denied given the popular mood in a radicalized Paris and that the populace would not accept the establishment of the proposed regency. The Chamber of Deputies nevertheless opted to attempt to exercise influence over the developing situation with the hope of avoiding yet more serious outbreaks of civil disorder.
Seven individual deputies that the Chamber of Deputies deemed capable of assuming responsibilty for overseeing political change as a "Provisional Government" were identified with the support of the Chamber. The Chamber of Deputies was largely led in this selection of members of a Provisional Government by the opinion of an influential liberal and reformist deputy named Lamartine who had also, reluctantly, contributed decisively to the decision not to accept the young Comte as king.
It was anticipated, by those delegated by the outgoing Chamber of Deputies to attempt to provide leadership necessary to help to prevent social chaos, that efforts at seizing the initiative were to be made through persuasion only. Those nominated to this task by the outgoing Chamber were variously men of established reputation as liberal reformists, as left-leaning radicals, or as men of science who, in the circumstances, accepted that they would only have their existing reputations and their political or persuasive skills to rely on in their project.
What had effectively become a French revolution of continued with a new Provisional Government being formed in a climate where power needed to be exercised by a central authority but where there was also a divergence of opinion as to the desirable political and social outlook of that government.
This establishment of a Republic appears to have been viewed, in the circumstances, as politically necessary by the would-be Provisional Government. The great French writer Victor Hugo wrote of this key sequence of events in his memoirs: At the Chamber of Deputies not once was the word "Republic" uttered in any of the speeches of the orators, not even in that of Ledru-Rollin.
But now, outside, in the street, the elect of the people heard these words, this shout, everywhere. It flew from mouth to mouth and filled the air of Paris.Ap Euro French Nobility Document Based Question During the late sixteenth century to the late eighteenth century, the concepts of French Nobles changed drastically.
The impression of the nobles changed from the view that all nobility were servants and had a blind loyalty to the king in late s, to the Nobles going against the law in the.
1. A century of political and fiscal struggle in France preceded the Revolution. 2. The Parlement of Paris prevented the imposition of new taxes in France after the War of the Austrian Succession. 3. Rene de Maupeou led a royal backlash against the French Parlements.
4. Desacralization of the French monarchy occurred due to Scandalous pamphlets. 5. The French Revolution (–), which included Napoleon’s reign, is considered a major turning point in world history. This revolution led to major changes in France and other nations and regions of. AP European History SCORING GUIDELINES Document-Based Question Evaluate whether or not the Glorious Revolution of can be considered part of the Enlightenment.
Maximum Possible Points: 7 Points Rubric Notes A: Thesis (0– Thesis/Claim: Responds to the prompt with a historically defensible thesis/claim that establishes a line of reasoning.
Please note that the exam resources reflect the content, scope, and design specifications of the AP European History Exam, which was updated in the school year.
The exam resources from and earlier reflect different exam formats. The French revolution of At the close of the French revolutionary and Napoleonic wars () the Bourbon dynasty was restored in France in the person of a brother of the King who had been sent to the guillotine during the revolution.