In the early 19th century, when it was still a small convict settlement and the first settlers had barely penetrated the interior, it had already established trade with the Pacific IslandsIndiaChinaSouth Africaand the Americas. Vivid SydneyTime-lapse video of Sydney, including footage of the annual Vivid Sydney, a light and music festival.
Prehistory of Australia and Sydney rock engravings The first people to occupy the area now known as Sydney were Australian Aborigines.
Radiocarbon dating suggests that they lived in and around Sydney for at least 30, years. This would mean that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, and cooking fish.
The " Eora people" are the coastal Aborigines of the Sydney district. The name Eora simply means "here" or "from this place", and was used by Local Aboriginal people to describe to the British where they came from. Consequently, they were first to suffer the effects of dispossession when the British arrived, though the descendants of Eora still have a strong presence in the Sydney area today.
Other than the Eora, people of the DharugKuringgai and Dharawal language groups occupied the lands in and around Sydney. Examples of Aboriginal stone tools and Aboriginal art often recording the stories of the Dreamtime religion can be found throughout New South Wales: Ten days later they landed at a bay in what is now southern Sydney.
Cook and Banks then reported favourably to London on the possibility of establishing a British colony at Botany Bay. The colony was formally proclaimed by Governor Phillip on 7 February at Sydney. Sydney Cove offered a fresh water supply and a safe harbour, which Phillip described as: Phillip visited the Manly Cove areabetween 21 and 23 January and was so impressed by the confident and manly behaviour of the local Aboriginal people of the Cannalgal and Kayimai clans who waded out to meet his boat in North Harbour, that he gave the cove the name Manly Cove.
Enlightened for his age, Phillip's personal intent was to establish harmonious relations with local Aboriginal people and try to reform as well as discipline the convicts of the colony.
Phillip and several of his officers—most notably Watkin Tench —left behind journals and accounts of which tell of immense hardships during the first years of settlement. Often Phillip's officers despaired for the future of Sydney. Early efforts at agriculture were fraught and supplies from overseas were scarce.
Many new arrivals were also sick or unfit for work and the conditions of healthy convicts only deteriorated with hard labour and poor sustenance in the settlement. From on, however, the more regular arrival of ships and the beginnings of trade lessened the feeling of isolation and improved supplies.
Poor equipment and unfamiliar soils and climate continued to hamper the expansion of farming from Farm Cove to Parramatta and Toongabbiebut a building programme, assisted by convict labour, advanced steadily.
In the early days of the colony this was mainly due to depletion of local food stocks and the advent of introduced diseases such as measlespossibly chicken poxvenereal disease and smallpoxto which the Aboriginal population had no genetic immunity.
Contrary to later trends, Governor Phillip in fact enforced strict rules of behaviour for interaction between settlers and native people, and his policy was remarkably enlightened by the standards of the time.
Author and First Fleet officer Watkin Tenchwhose accounts are primary sources about the early years of the colony, suggested that the epidemic may have been caused by Aborigines disturbing the grave of a French sailor who died shortly after arrival in Australia and had been buried at Botany Bay.
Another intriguing possibility mentioned by Tench was that, as the colony's physicians had brought bottles of smallpox-infected material with them from England for use in inoculation against smallpox.
She points to regular contact between fishing fleets from the Indonesia archipelago, where smallpox was endemic, and Aboriginal people in Australia's North as a far more likely source for the introduction of smallpox.
These people pioneered Sydney's private sector economy and were later joined by soldiers whose military service had expired, and later still by free settlers who began arriving from Britain. Governor Phillip departed the colony for England on 11 Decemberwith the new settlement having survived near starvation and immense isolation for four years.This brochure covers walking routes from Sydney Harbour Bridge via South Head and on to Clovelly.
At the Harbour Bridge it connects with the Harbour Circle Walk and Harbour Bridge to Manly via Spit map brochures; while at its southern end it connects with the Clovelly to Cronulla map brochure also available on this site.
The Metropolitan Local Aboriginal Land Council is a significant organisation in our community, we seek to become the most highly visible and most recognised Aboriginal organisation in the Sydney . The Sydney Harbour Bridge is one of Australia's best known and photographed landmarks.
It is the world's largest (but not the longest) steel arch bridge, with the top of the bridge standing metres above the harbour.
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Sydney BridgeClimb. Your BridgeClimb experience starts at the Sydney Harbour Bridge Visitors Centre where you meet your guide, receive a comprehensive safety briefing and put on the provided BridgeSuit, a specially designed coverall worn over your tranceformingnlp.com you’re ready, follow your expert Climb Leader through a purpose-built tunnel that leads to the bridge.
Proposals to build railways in New South Wales first emerged in A public meeting was called on 24 January to present the surveyor's report on the route for a railway from Sydney to Goulburn.